There are many myths about the benefits and dangers of alcohol. And often the harm alcohol is connected not directly but indirectly through other factors related to alcoholism. Alcoholism undoubtedly is a threat to both social and health of the individual. But often the alcoholism is most developed where it is most actively conducted propaganda against him. The risk of alcoholism in individuals suffering from various pathological addiction (gambling, Smoking, bulimia, drug addiction, Shopaholic, or some other dependency) is higher than that of persons who do not have a tendency to pathological dependency.
True toxic damage by alcohol to the nervous system occurs only toxic in large doses, can lead to alcoholic coma. Lower dosage of alcohol does not act directly on the nervous system, but may cause indirect harm through toxic metabolites to the liver, through the violation of the metabolism of vitamins of group B. it was also revealed that some varieties of alcoholic encephalopathy that were previously considered due to the effects of alcohol, to alcohol are related indirectly. Thus, atrophy of the corpus callosum, the Italians from a certain region, abusing red wine, is not due to alcohol but due to the impact of heavy metal salts contained in the soil in which the grape grows. Also the regularity that the number of persons suffering from disorders of the nervous system received these impacts are due to traumatic brain injury resulting from alcohol intoxication. Besides it is revealed, that in patients suffering from alcohol dependence, there is a lack of food and poor nutrition, which leads to metabolic encephalopathy that are not associated directly with alcohol, but more with the way of life and diet that accompany alcoholism. There are a variety of alcoholic encephalopathy – Encephalopathy “Wernicke”. It is established that it arises as a result of chronic deficiency of vitamins of group b, and independence of persons abusing alcohol or not, people with chronic deficiency of b vitamins will occur encephalopathy “Wernicke” (of European descent) and the disease “Beriberi” (Asians). Just people who are dependent on alcohol much more common chronic deficiency of b vitamins due to the shortage of food or alcoholic gastropathy.
with regard to withdrawal symptoms alcohol with delirium in chronic alcoholics occurs due to the embedding of alcohol in the Krebs cycle in the nervous system (a biochemical process for the development of ATP and its transportation in the nervous system start to go under the simplified scheme). Because of this abrupt cliff of alcohol, the nervous system is unprepared for a dramatic restructuring of biochemical processes, there is a shortfall of ATP by neurons, which leads to a brief breakdown of the biochemistry of the brain with swelling of the brain tissue, disinhibition of certain brain centers with the occurrence of delirium. If the alcoholic gradually withdraw from binge, the withdrawal of alcohol from delirium does not occur because the biochemical processes in the nervous system time to readjust.
it is Worth noting a pattern: in those countries where alcohol intake is commonplace, but in this area, a process of campaigning about the dangers of alcohol – alcohol addiction is only growing. In countries where there is an ancient tradition of drinking alcohol – alcoholism occurs much less.
you Should note that the people leading a sober lifestyle have a life expectancy not far exceeding the abusers of alcohol (not considered severe alcoholism), and individuals who occasionally drink small amounts of alcohol without abuse, have a life expectancy of greater than the first and the second group.
So who found that 30g of pure alcohol per day (80gr. vodka or whisky, 0,5 l light beer or 200 ml simply unfortified wine) while not regularly consumed, can be transferred of the average man of European descent without pathological effects on the body. Also in the recommendations of the who mentioned that if the person initially does not drink alcohol, then it should not be agitating to drink, but if a person initially uses alcohol, it is not necessary to stop accepting alcohol, and should explain the possibility of conferring daily dosage (taking into account gender, body weight, age, state of health in General and liver-pancreatic system in particular), updating is not regular consumption and development of culture of consumption of alcoholic beverages.
small amounts of alcohol after stress can bring light tranquilizing effect with reduction of anxiety and nervous tension. Red wines contain vitamins and antioxidants. Some herbal salves in small doses, can have a healing effect on the gastro-intestinal tract and the stimulating effect on the immune system. And strong alcohol in small doses can be used as a source of energy in countries with cold climate. In hot countries, strong alcohol will have a more toxic effect and should be limited to lighter drinks. The use of more expensive alcoholic beverages reduces the risk of toxic effects not the alcohol, and the impurities which can be in alcohol. As connoisseurs of high quality and expensive drinks are less likely to have the propensity to abuse alcohol due to its high cost and the rejection of lower quality alcohol.
In the intake of alcohol should take into account the individual condition of a specific individual, and if there are contraindications to alcohol at a specific person on condition that he should abstain from alcohol.
there is different alcohol tolerance by race and ethnic group. So the European race, the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase is slower, and the accumulation of acetaldehyde is slower, and processing of zelandiya happens quickly, but in 50% of the Chinese and the Japanese nation alcoholdehydrogenase works several times harder and faster accumulation of acetaldehyde and processing of acetaldehyde is slower than the Europeans, which leads to increased accumulation of acetaldehyde and intoxication, and this increases the toxic effects of alcohol and its metabolites (European races such features are found in 10% and the Yakuts, the Jewish nation and Nations of the middle East – 30%).