Doctors and patients is often underestimated role in the formation of flat feet pain syndromes and maladjustment of the body. Flatfoot has several varieties: transverse, longitudinal, combined (transverse and longitudinal) plane valgus feet. Flat feet is 3 degrees.
The longitudinal flat feet is characterized by a flat longitudinal arch, increased contact of the plantar surface of the foot to the floor. Foot length is slightly increased. First degree rarely worried man, periodically marked fatigue in the legs and pain in the feet during physical exertion. Second degree manifested amplifies pain in the legs, it’s hard to pick a comfortable shoes. The third degree of longitudinal flat characterized by frequent pain in the feet, shins, overload hip, low back pain, and the selection of shoes at this stage is much difficult.
The cross is characterized by a flattening of the flat transverse arch of the foot, foot length is slightly reduced. Hammer toes acquire the shape is deformed big toe. The cross flatfoot is more common in women aged 30-50 years. This type of flatfoot can progress in the investigation of wearing high heel shoes or overweight. May be exacerbated “corns” and the growth of bones of the big toe (hallux valgus). The first degree of cross-flatfoot is usually characterized by recurrent pain in the feet. Second degree brings pain localized in the forefoot and under the metatarsal heads medium. The third degree is manifested by frequent and severe pain under the metatarsal heads, corns may develop a deformity of the big toe.
Flat feet can be caused by a hereditary or acquired in the case of wearing uncomfortable shoes and long-term static loads on the legs, may be exacerbated deprive weight. Diagnosed with flat feet inspection, also using podimetr or test print of a wet foot on a piece of paper, can be used for X-ray examination.
Formed in adult flatfoot is incurable, but it is possible to stop the progression and eliminate complications (overload leg joints and the lumbar spine). In children, if the flat is not determined by genes, it can be monitored and treated. Alleviate the condition for flat feet can using orthotics, wear comfortable shoes.
It is also useful for flat-switch types of loads and perform physiotherapy exercises for the feet.
If the flat is not correct, it will progress and can cause tendinitis and arthritis joints of the feet, and Pain in the lumbar region.
In advanced stages, and the progression of hallux valgus flat foot can be treated surgically.
Orthopedic insoles are standard, and the average individual from a cast of the foot. In the manufacture of insoles individual patient may face the problem of inadequate selection: can not be considered the functionality of different length legs, pelvic dysfunctions in mind, there are paradoxical posturologicheskie results of the evaluation of data podimetra (when standing up, he shows that the length of one leg, and in the supine position when measuring ruler – other ). Also, if different length insoles do with not true functional shortening of the leg can be fixed and worsen pelvic dysfunction with resulting complications for the entire system of the musculoskeletal system. Thus, if the pick insoles without the osteopath, the best average in doing different insoles height – then the need to cooperate chiropodists (podiatrists) with osteopath. Just osteopath can help with flat feet relief eliminate muscle imbalances and decreased pain in the foot and lower leg to balance the tone of fascia and ligaments.